Elon Musk’s Boring Company

Elon Musk’s underground transit venture, The Boring Company, showcased the functioning of its first underground tunnel. What is the solution given by Musk? The 2-mile (3.2 km) tunnel is the first step towards developing a high-speed subterranean network for vehicles below the congested streets of Los Angeles, United States. The tunnel is an initial proof-of-concept … Continued

S-400 missile systems agreement

India and Russia signed a $5.43 bn deal for five S-400 Triumf missile systems. Deliveries will begin in 24 months, which is end 2020. The deal was signed during October 2018 visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to India. The deal has once again made Russia India’s biggest defence partner. The two countries have also … Continued

Kartarpur corridor

Kartarpur is a town in Pakistan’s Narowal district on the bank of river Ravi. The town is about 120 km northeast of Lahore. Founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, spent last 18 years of his life in kartarpur until his death in 1539. The town has a famous gurudwara (sikh shrine). After partition in 1947, Indian … Continued

Gilgit-Baltistan issue

Gilgit-Baltistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas, is part of the greater Kashmir region. Pakistan has bifurcated occupied Kashmir into two administrative parts – Gilgit-Baltistan and Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. Gilgit-Baltistan is bordered by Pakistan occupied Kashmir in the south, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the west, Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan in the north, Xinjiang region of China … Continued

Israel-Palestine Issue

The Israel-Palestine conflict is the ongoing struggle between Zionist (now Israelis) and Arab Palestinians for homeland from the end of the nineteenth century. Although the two groups have different religions (Palestinians are mainly Muslims and Israelis are Jews), religious differences are not the cause of the strife. The conflict began as a struggle over land. … Continued


The International Solar Alliance is an alliance of more than 120 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which come either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The alliance is also called International Agency for Solar Policy and Application (IASPA). The alliance’s primary objective is to work for … Continued

Indus Water Treaty

The IWT between India and Pakistan was sealed in 1960. The IWT, brokered by the World Bank, was signed between the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his Pakistani counterpart General Ayub Khan. Provisions of Treaty 1. Indus river system comprises of 3 western rivers namely Indus, Jhelum and Chenab and 3 eastern rivers Ravi, … Continued

State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World is an annual report jointly prepared by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The report shares information on … Continued

India-US sign COMCASA

At the 2+2 meet, India and the United States signed the Communications, Compatibility, and Security Agreement (COMCASA). It is called ‘2+2’ because two appointed ministers from each country meet to discuss issues of strategic and security interest. In the recent 2+2 meet, the American side was represented by US Secretary of State and Defence Secretary; … Continued

Berne Convention

The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (popularly called Berne Convention) is an international agreement on protection of copyrights. The convention was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland in the year 1886. The Berne Convention has influenced several aspects of modern copyright law. For instance, it introduced the concept that a copyright … Continued

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