Recently, the Union Cabinet approved an ordinance prohibiting electronic cigarettes in the country. It makes production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution, storage and advertisement of e-cigarettes and other Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) such as vapes, e-hookahs and e-cigars a punishable offence. What is the amount of punishment prescribed? First-time offenders may face imprisonment … Continued
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A 74-year-old woman from Andhra Pradesh was recently recorded as the oldest in the world to give birth to twins through in-vitro fertilisation or IVF. While her doctor has said both babies and mother are stable, the medical community has expressed ethical and medical concerns over conception at such an advanced age. Why this is … Continued
Jio GigaFiber is a fiber to the home (FTTH) broadband service by the Reliance Industries. It will provide ultrahigh-definition entertainment on TVs, video conferencing, virtual reality gaming, and immersive experiences. Any FTTH connection, be it Jio, Spectra or Airtel, will be a lot better than normal broadband services. This is because the normal broadband services … Continued
Vaccine hesitancy Vaccine hesitancy is defined as the “reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines. With a 30% increase in measles cases worldwide in 2018, the World Health Organization, in January 2019, included ‘vaccine hesitancy’ as one of the 10 threats to global health this year. Why ‘vaccine hesitancy’ for MMR vaccine? … Continued
Launch of Train 18 In October 2018, Train 18 which can attain a semi-high-speed (of 160 kmph-200 kmph speed) was rolled out in a short span of 18 months. If Chandrayaan-2 brought India close to joining the select band of three countries in the world to have successfully achieved a soft landing on the moon, … Continued
10,000 tonnes of plastic waste is left uncollected every day. India’s policy on single-use plastic has been much in the news, with reports that a ban is in the offing. What are single-use plastics and why aren’t they have been banned if they pose a major environmental threat? What is single-use plastic? Single-use plastics, often … Continued
Over the last two weeks, the “Bombay blood group”, a rare blood type, has been at the centre of attention in Mumbai’s healthcare scene. Demand for the blood type has coincidentally spiked at hospitals, but supply has been scarce. Blood types, common & rare The four most common blood groups are A, B, AB and … Continued
It is over three days since the Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-2 mission lost its communication link with the ground station. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has said its efforts to restore the link have not been successful so far. In the meanwhile, Vikram has been located on the Moon’s surface through the orbiter module, … Continued
Anti-tuberculosis drug Pretomanid The anti-tuberculosis drug pretomanid recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will be a game changer for treating people with extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) and those who do not tolerate or respond to now available multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) drugs. That pretomanid is only the third drug in the last 40 … Continued
What has happened to the lander? India’s first attempt to land a spacecraft on the Moon has not been successful. The lander of Chandrayaan-2, called Vikram, did not slow down at the expected rate towards the latter part of its descent, and most likely hit the lunar surface at a speed greater than required for … Continued