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180 nations agree to curb export of plastic waste (Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper II; IOBR)

Basel Convention on transboundary movement of Hazardous waste amended
The meeting was held in Geneva. The Geneva meeting amended the 1989 Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes to include plastic waste in a legally-binding framework.

Need for the amendment
The IPEN umbrella group seeking to eliminate hazardous and toxic chemicals said the new amendment would empower developing countries to refuse “dumping plastic waste” by others.

“For far too long, developed countries like the U.S. and Canada have been exporting their mixed toxic plastic wastes to developing Asian countries claiming it would be recycled in the receiving country.

Even though the U.S. and a few others have not signed the accord, they cannot ship plastic waste to countries that are on board with the deal.

Dicofol and Perfluorooctanoic Acid
The a meeting also undertook to eliminate two toxic chemical groups — Dicofol and Perfluorooctanoic Acid, plus related compounds. The latter has been used in a wide variety of industrial and domestic applications, including non-stick cookware and food processing equipment, as well as carpets, paper and paints.

About IPEN
IPEN is a global network of public interest NGOs working together for a world in which toxic chemicals are no longer produced or used in ways that harm human health and the environment. IPEN was founded in 1998 and is registered in Sweden as a non-profit, public interest organization.

It is comprised of over 500 Participating Organizations in more than 100 countries, primarily in countries with developing and transitional economies.

(Source:https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-life/180-nations-agree-to-curb-export-of-plastic-waste/article27106145.ece)



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