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“160% rise in killings of Naxals in 2016” (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper III)

The Home Ministry flagged the operational efficiency of security forces in the Maoist-affected areas as one of its biggest achievements during a presentation before Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The Ministry informed Mr. Modi that since the NDA government came to power in May 2014, there had been a 45 per cent increase in the efficiency of Central forces in operations against the Maoists.

Maoists Killed
In a presentation made by Home Secretary, Mr. Modi and other officials were informed that the number of Naxal cadres killed in 2016 had been the highest ever in six years. 
Eighty-four Maoist cadres were killed in 2015 and in 2016, the number swelled to 218, which was an increase of 160 per cent. There was also an increase in the number of police encounters, from 237 in 2015 to 316 in 2016.

Violence by Maoists reduced
He also said that Maoist-related violence was down by 40-50 per cent and the Ministry expected the situation to be normal in the next two-three years.

Steps taken by NDA govt:
1.  After the NDA government came to power, the Home Ministry sent an additional 14 battalions of Central police forces to the Maoist-affected districts. 
In all, 104 battalions (each battalion has approximately 1,000 men) of Central forces are currently deployed in the affected areas, besides a large number of State police personnel.
2.  The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has already given the go-ahead for an ambitious road project in the 44 worst-affected districts. Under this project, the government proposes to construct 5,412 km of roads and 126 bridges and it would cost ₹11,725 crore.
3.  Redrawing ‘Red Corridor’
The government is redrawing the ‘Red Corridor’ — the area affected by Left Wing Extremism (LWE) — and may soon take off 20 districts from the list of Maoist-affected areas. 
The 106 districts which span 10 States — Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh — constitute the Red Corridor. Of these, 44 districts are said to be the worst affected. India has a total of 683 districts.



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