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Analysis of PM Africa tour (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II, Topic : Indo–African relations)

Focus areas in the present tour
1. energy
2. food 
3. maritime security. 

Visits
PM stops at Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Kenya were accompanied by discussions on securing lines of coal and natural gas and funding capacity-building in energy production. 

In Tanzania and Mozambique, in particular, there were discussions on enhancing the export of pulses to India to meet a demand shortfall. 

Comparison with China
India has been slow to upgrade ties with Africa. China’s current hold in trade and investment in Africa is three times India’s, and South Africa, for instance, has a key role in promoting the Maritime Silk Route programme as part of the One Belt One Road initiative.

Mr. Modi’s visit to these four countries in southern and east Africa should, therefore, be seen as a work in progress. Africa is a continent of 54 countries, and each has diverse reasons to improve ties with India — from sharing low-cost technologies and pharmaceuticals, building on the Solar Alliance and renewable energies, and growing markets for each other’s goods. 

Ancient terms used in relation to Indo-African relations
1. Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam meaning Globalism
2. Ubuntu is a zulu word meaning humanism
 



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