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Analysis of recent Maoist Ambush (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper II)

About the attack
Twelve personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force were killed in a recent attack. A road-opening party of the CRPF’s 219 battalion was attacked about 450 km from the State capital Raipur.

The insurgents used improvised explosive devices, country-made mortars and arrows mounted with explosive heads. Government said that extremist groups were restless because of the “unprecedented success of the forces against them” in 2016, especially in Chhattisgarh where there was a 15% drop in left-wing extremist incidents.

Lesson to be learnt from the attack
The attack must, serve as a wake-up call for the security forces to beef up their standard operating procedures, especially intelligence-gathering capabilities, in the Maoist heartland in central India.

What does the attack signify?
The precision and scale of the attack are an indication that the Maoists continue to hold formidable sway in Sukma, their long-time stronghold.

Loss of life due to Maoist attacks
There have been periodic Maoist attacks in the region. It is estimated that over the last two decades at least 15,000 people have been killed in Maoist-related violence. More than 3,000 of them were security personnel. And while violence is down from its peak in 2009-10, in 2016 official estimates put the toll at 213 civilians, 65 security force personnel and 89 Maoists.

What is Red Corridor?
The Red Corridor is a region in the east of India that experiences considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency.

The Naxalite group mainly consists of the armed cadres of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). These are also areas that suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modern India, and span parts of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states.



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