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Apex court refuses to lift ban on jallikattu (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II and Prelims )

Apex court dismissed TN plea of reviewing 2014 judgment of banning Jallikattu:
Questioning the need to “tame” a domestic animal like the bull, the Supreme Court dismissed a plea by Tamil Nadu to review a 2014 apex court judgment banning jallikattu .

The court further held that the event had nothing to do with the exercise of the fundamental right of religious freedom.It also said it runs counter to the concept of welfare of the animal, which is the basic foundation of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960. 

Tamil Nadu Govt.’s viewpoint on this issue:
The State had countered that the event was defined as an act of “taming” of bulls under the Tamil Nadu Regulation of Jallikattu Act of 2009 and did not amount to cruelty.The 1960 Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act had no power over the State law and it was the prerogative of Tamil Nadu under Entries 14 and 15 of the State List to preserve and care for its own livestock.

But the Bench agreed that there was indeed a “head-on collision” between the 1960 Act and the Tamil Nadu law of 2009 on what constitutes ‘cruelty’.

Background
The Ministry of Environment and Forests issued a notification in 2011 that banned the use of bulls as performing animals, thereby banning the event. But the practice continued to be held under Tamil Nadu Regulation of Jallikattu Act. 

 



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