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Babri case: SC questions discharge of Advani, others (Relevant for GS Prelims and Mains Paper I and II)

Allows CBI to file supplementary charge sheet by including the conspiracy charge

In a huge blow to BJP leaders, the Supreme Court indicated it may consider reviving the conspiracy charge against them in the December 6, 1992 Babri Masjid demolition case.

The sudden development came on an appeal filed in the Supreme Court by the CBI in 2011, during the UPA era, against the dropping of the conspiracy charge against L.K. Advani and 
other leaders such as Uma Bharti, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi, Vinay Katiyar, Sadvi Ritambara, Giriraj Kishore and Vishnu Hari Dalmia.

A Bench of Justices said it would examine in detail why the conspiracy charge was dropped on mere technical grounds and never revived all these years.

About Babri Masjid issue
On 6 December 1992, a large crowd of Hindu Kar Sevaks (volunteers) demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh. The demolition occurred after a political rally at the site turned violent.

In Hindu mythology, the city of Ayodhya is the birthplace of the God-king Rama. In the 16th century a Mughal general, Mir Baqi, had built a mosque, known as the Babri Masjid, at a site considered by some Hindus to be Ram Janmabhoomi, the actual birthplace of Rama. In the 1980s, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) began a campaign for the construction of a temple dedicated to Rama at the site, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as its political voice. Several rallies and marches were held as a part of this movement, including the Ram Rath Yatra led by L. K. Advani.

On 6 December 1992 the VHP and the BJP organised a rally at the site involving 150,000 volunteers, known as kar sevaks. The rally turned violent, and the crowd overwhelmed security forces and tore down the mosque. A subsequent inquiry into the incident found 68 people responsible for the demolition, including several leaders of the BJP and the VHP. The demolition also resulted in several months of inter-communal rioting between India's Hindu and Muslim communities, causing the death of at least 2,000 people.
 



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