In the last 17 months alone, 2,234 persons across India have been infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) while getting blood transfusions. The maximum number of such cases , i.e. 361 were reported from Uttar Pradesh due to unsafe blood transfusion practices in hospitals. Gujarat has 292, Maharashtra has 276 and Delhi has 264 has such cases where patients have been transfused unsafe blood.
The data was revealed by National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) in response to a Right to Information query by activist Chetan Kothari.
Responsibility for safe blood:
1. In India, NACO has been primarily responsible for ensuring provision of safe blood.
2. According to law, it is mandatory to screen donors/donated blood for transmissible infections of HIV, HBV and hepatitis C, malaria and syphilis.
3. NACO’s total blood collection was around 30 lakh units. Nearly 84 per cent of the donated blood units came from Voluntary Blood Donation which according to NACO seem to be the source of the problem.
According to NACO’s 2015 annual report, the total number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVs) in India was estimated at around 20.9 lakh in 2011. Nearly 86 per cent of these patients are in the 15-49 age-group.
Children less than 15 years of age accounted for 7 per cent or 1.45 lakh of all infections in 2011 while 39 per cent (8.16 lakh) were among women.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system
HIV can be transmitted through:
1. Sexual transmission
2. Perinatal transmission where mother can pass the infection on to her child during childbirth, pregnancy, and also through breastfeeding.
3. Blood transmission