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CABE plans to revise no-detention policy (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

Plan to execute no-detention policy only till 4th standard
The process has been set in motion for the return of examinations in Classes V and VIII to arrest the “decline” in educational levels because of the current no-detention policy till Class 8.

CABE ‘s advice to Centre govt.
The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) — the apex body on educational issues —advised the government

1. To amend the Right to Education (RTE) Act to empower States to decide whether they want to do away with the no-detention policy in schools.

2. There is also a proposal to allow the re-examinations that would be immediately conducted for students who failed in Classes V and VIII so as to facilitate their passage to the next stage.  

What does current Non-Detention policy states?
As per the NDP, no student can be held back in the same class or expelled from school until the end of Class VIII, the time when the student attains the age of 14.

The NDP was introduced in conjunction with the Right to Education Act (RTE) in 2010.  Section 30 (1) of the RTE Act states that “no child shall be required to pass any Board examination till completion of elementary education”.

Arguments in Favour
1. Those in favour argue that the NDP has led to a decline in dropout rates in elementary school, keeping the child in the learning cycle for at least eight years, as envisioned by the RTE.

2. Empirically, it has been found that since the introduction of NDP, there has been a steady rise in enrolment at the elementary level across gender and social classes.

3. Further, a policy brief document from the Centre for Policy Research states: “Research evidence indicates that detention of students by a year or more does not improve learning”.

4. Even the Gita Bhukkal Committee [constituted by the MHRD] admits that there is no research that shows that repeating helps children perform better. But research does say that repeating has adverse 
academic and social effects on the child.”

Arguments against the Policy
1. But those who are against the policy worry that automatic promotion to the next class leaves no incentive for both the student and the teacher, which deteriorates the quality of education.

2. With no fear of detention, students start skipping school and don’t pay attention in the class.

3. According to the Delhi government, over 50 per cent of the students in government schools failed to clear the Class-IX examination last year — the first time they faced serious exams.

4. Further, promoting students who are not well equipped with concepts from previous class pushes down the standard of the whole class, making it difficult for the teacher to teach the curriculum at the expected pace.

5. T.S.R. Subramanian panel on education policy states that the No Detention Policy till Class VIII has adversely affected academic performance of students



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