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Centre extends AFSPA to check Naga factions (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II, Topic: National Security)

Centre extended AFSPA in Arunachal Pradesh
The Centre has decided to extend the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

One of the primary reasons cited by the Centre is “extortion and intimidation” by the cadres of National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah), who are “contriving to dominate areas hitherto occupied by NSCN (Khaplang).

Background
The notification has been issued even after the NDA government signed a ‘framework agreement’ with NSCN-IM in September 2015 to find a final solution to the six-decade-old Naga issue.

Disturbed area
The order said the three districts were being declared as “disturbed area” under Section 3 of the AFSPA as “Naga underground factions including NSCN-IM and NSCN-K continue to indulge in extortion, area domination, recruitment of locals and inter-factional rivalry.”
NSCN-K had unilaterally abrogated the ceasefire in March 2015 but NSCN-IM continues to be in a ceasefire pact with the Government of India.

All you need to know about National Socialist Council of Nagalim (I-M) 

Demands of National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah)
1. NSCN (I-M) is the largest of the naga groups.  Naga groups envisage a “Greater Nagalim” comprising the contiguous Naga-inhabited parts of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Myanmar with Nagaland.

2. NSCN (I-M) also demands sovereignty from India. It agrues that the Nagas were never part of the Indian union by consent of the Naga people. That is why the Nagas will have the right to decide their role as we were never under Indian rule.

 Main Leaders
1. Thuingaleng Muivah is a general secretary of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) 
2. Recently, chairman of NSCN (I-M) Isak Chishi Swu died. 

Opposition to demand
1. Adjoining states of Nagaland oppose inclusion of their regions in Greater Nagaland.
2. Government of India argues that Nagas have to give up demand for sovereignty and the rebel outfit can be given “a solution within the Constitution of India.”

Framework agreement 
Last year, the government signed the framework agreement with NSCN-IM as it was the largest group representing the Nagas. The framework agreement carried broad parameters on which further negotiations will be carried out by GOI and NSCN-IM. Details of the framework agreement has been kept secret.

 



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