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Chilli-filled grenades to replace pellet guns in J&K (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

Expert committee's recommendation 
An expert committee had recommended the use of Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA) shells also called Nonivamide as an alternative to the pellet guns.
The first batch of around 1,000 chilli-filled grenades have been despatched to the Kashmir valley to be used as an alternative to pellet guns as a crowd control measure.

The Border Security Force (BSF) had already been asked to manufacture the shells at their Tekanpur facility in Madhya Pradesh. After the shells were ready, they were sent to the valley.

Rajnath Singh’s Statement 
An alternative to pellet guns would be given to security forces in the coming days. An expert committee constituted by the government, which submitted its report to the Home Ministry recommended withdrawal of metal pellets and replacing them with polymer, rubber and paper bullets.

Committee’s viewpoint
The committee was not in favour of completely phasing out the use of pellet guns in the Kashmir valley, their use will be regulated instead. 



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