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China insists on NPT for NSG entry (Relevant for GS Prelims and Mains Paper II, Topic: India’s NSG status)

China maintained the old stand on India’s NSG status
China indirectly criticised the India-Japan agreement on nuclear energy, pointing out that all countries were entitled to peaceful use of atomic energy so long as they followed “the international nuclear non-proliferation regime.

China maintains the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which India has not signed, is essential to prevent the spread of atomic weapons.

China rejects its alternative formula other than to sign the NPT and CTBT
China maintains that any formula for membership worked out should be non-discriminatory and applicable to all non-NPT states; without prejudice to the core value of the NSG and international non-proliferation regime with the NPT as its cornerstone; and without contradicting the customary international law in the field of non-proliferation.

Background
The Vienna meeting, which discussed the two-step intergovernmental process to address the issue of non-NPT states’ participation, follows India’s bid to become a full member of the 48-nation NSG. China has so far opposed India’s membership, citing the need for common criteria for all non-members, including Pakistan.

However, the statement reiterated China’s insistence on linking NSG membership to the NPT — a formulation that rules out India’s membership. 



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