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Deforestation in Amazon rainforest (Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper III; Environment)

It is a matter of global concern that deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil is increasing rapidly since January, when Jair Bolsonaro took office as President. Satellite images show that about 4,200 sq km of forests have been destroyed up to July 24 under the new government.

Importnace of Amazon forests
The Amazon basin, spread across millions of hectares in multiple countries, hosts massive sinks of sequestered carbon, and the forests are a key factor in regulating monsoon systems. The rainforests harbour rich biodiversity and about 400 known indigenous groups whose presence has prevented commercial interests from overrunning the lands.

The Amazon forests are in danger as Mr. Bolsonaro has spoken in favour of “reasonable” exploitation of these lands. Brazil’s President must recognise that rainforests are universal treasures, and the rights of indigenous communities to their lands are inalienable. The international community must use diplomacy to convince Mr. Bolsonaro that no other formulation is acceptable.

(Source:https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/logged-out/article28775712.ece)



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