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Delhi hopes UN will push global terror convention (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains, Topic: International Organisations)

Demand by India
India has revived its two decade old proposal for the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) at the UN General Assembly in September this year, given the recent spate of terror attacks across the globe.

Opposition to draft
India has been able to complete a draft which effectively counters the opposition from the three main blocs that have raised objections: the U.S., the Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC) and the Latin American countries. 

Objections by US
The most powerful objector, the U.S. has been worried about the application of the CCIT to its own military forces especially with regard to interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Objections by OIC
Convention will be used against Pakistan and right of self-determination groups in Kashmir and Palestine. Both Pakistan and Palestine are members of OIC.

Objections by Latin American Nations
Concerns that by application of harsh laws human rights may be violated.

Contents of original draft
The original draft that was tabled in 1996 and discussed until April 2013 includes amongst key objectives:
1.  to have a universal definition of terrorism that all 193-members of the UNGA will adopt into their own criminal law
2.  to ban all terror groups and shut down terror camps regardless of their stated objectives
3.  to prosecute all terrorists under special laws
4.  to make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offence worldwide.

Chinese endorsement
Despite the current impasse over the NSG, China, that recently blocked India’s moves for a UN ban on Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar, is not expected to pose hurdles for the CCIT, having endorsed it in BRICS and RIC (Russia-India-China) statements. 
 



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