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Earthquake in Italy kills 120 (Relevant for GS Mains Paper I, Topic: Plate Tectonics Theory)

A powerful earthquake affected remote area of central Italy, leaving at least 120 people dead and scenes of carnage in mountain villages.

Reason for Earthquake in Italy
The Earth’s shell is divided into several major tectonic plates. Southern Italy is very close to the line where the Eurasian and African plates meet and constantly grate against each other creating seismic and volcanic tension. Italy’s major volcanoes such as Etna, Stromboli and Vesuvius lie close to this fault.

In addition, Italy has a series of smaller fault lines, particularly along the Appenine Mountains.The Apennine range, or Apennines Mountains, is a mountain range that runs from north to south along the country, “essentially like a geological spine of Italy. Relatively shallow earthquakes are fairly common along the entire length of these mountains due to the number of faults which run along the range, which can rupture and cause earthquakes.

“So different movement goes on around Italy and there are many faults and areas of weakness in the crust.“This results in complex tectonic movement in that region.”
 



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