More than 240 people were killed in one of the deadliest earthquake in Ecuador. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.8 on the Richter scale and it struck the Ecuador’s Pacific coast.
Reasons for vulnerability of Ecuador
Ecuador is on the seismically active “ring of fire” around the Pacific Ocean.
The Ring of Fire is an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic erruptions occur. In a 40,000 km (25,000 mi) horseshoe shape, it is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements. It has 452 volcanoes (more than 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes). The Ring of Fire is sometimes called the circum-Pacific belt. About 90% of the world's earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire. It is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of lithospheric plates.