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Gram Swaraj Abhiyan evaluation (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains paper III; Economics)

Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan is a campaign that is being organised on the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti during the period 14th April to 05th May, 2018.

Objectives of the campaign
The campaign is undertaken under the name of “Sabka Sath, Sabka Gaon, Sabka Vikas”.

The objective of the campaign is to promote social harmony, spread awareness about pro-poor initiatives of government, reach out to poor households to enroll them as also to obtain their feedback on various welfare programmes.

Activities to be taken up
The campaign is being held through a partnership of beneficiaries, 33 lakh elected PRIs members, 5 crore women SHG members, MLAs and MPs to achieve goals. The Central/State and Local Governments are also partners in progress.

As a special endeavour during the Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, saturation of eligible households/persons would be made under seven flagship pro-poor programmes in 21,058 identified villages covering 530 districts (except Karnataka, West Bengal where Election Code of Conduct is in place). The identified schemes are as follows.

  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
  • Saubhagya
  • Ujala scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and
  • Mission Indradhanush.

An important aspect of the campaign would also be the public disclosure to the Gram Panchayats (GP) regarding funds made available under various schemes of the line departments and activities to be taken up in each GP area.

Evaluation

Lags behind in power, gas connections
At the end of a three-week drive to bring seven flagship schemes to 16,850 villages with a high number of poor, SC (Scheduled Caste) and ST (Scheduled Tribe) households, less than 30% of the target households received an electricity connection, while less than 40% got a gas connection, according to government data.

Targeted outreach

  1. Financial schemes for rural beneficiaries to get Jan Dhan bank accounts and sign up for life and accident insurance achieved a high level of saturation.

Financial schemes also saw high saturation, with a higher number of Jan Dhan bank accounts being opened. The Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, a life insurance scheme, enrolled 73% of targeted beneficiaries, while the Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, a risk insurance scheme for accidental death or disability, enrolled almost 88% of target beneficiaries.

  1. A scheme to fully immunise all pregnant women, and all children under two years, also reached almost all targeted beneficiaries.
  2. The Saubhagya scheme to give every household an electricity connection reached 4 lakh homes, as against a target of 14.5 lakh homes, thus reaching 27% of the intended beneficiaries. Under the Ujjwala scheme to give gas connections to all homes, 39% or 5.6 lakh households were reached out of a total target of 14.4 lakh.

(Adapted from The Hindu)

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