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How to handle heatstrokes (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper III; Disaster Management)

What can be consequence of a heatstroke?

With the mercury soaring over 40 degrees Celsius mark, doctors have warned against heatstroke and related medical condition stating that it is a medical emergency and can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated.

“While heatstroke may appear to be a short-lived medical episode, if ignored, it can become a serious cardio or a neuro concern,” said doctors.

He added that heatstroke usually causes nausea, cramps, irritation, disorientation, and in extreme cases induce coma.

Physicians have also said that chronic conditions such as diabetes can become tougher to manage in summers. Extreme heat causes blood glucose levels to fluctuate drastically apart from leading to dehydration and exhaustion. Unless one takes adequate precautions, this can lead to heatstrokes.

Who can be affected?

“Although heatstroke mainly affects people with low tolerance levels/immunity [mainly elderlies], it can also take a toll on a younger age bracket. It is important to stay hydrated and calm during this weather. If a person is feeling dizzy or suffering from heat cramps [rapid pulse, rapid breathing, and headache], he should immediately seek medical treatment as this can cause serious cardio and neuro problems in the future,” he said.

Why does heatstroke occur?

Heatstrokes and related medical conditions have become common and it is important to be aware and be prepared to deal with it. Heatstrokes occur due to a prolonged exposure to high temperatures, clubbed with poor hydration levels which lead to failure of body’s temperature control system.

 What can be possible preventions?

People face dehydration. People tend to form a habit of drinking less water during winters, which continues with the initial summer months. It is important that the bodies are kept hydrated by increasing our fluid intake, including juice, traditional lemonades, and water.

(Adapted from the Hindu)

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