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India gets its own GPS (analysed from The Indian Express) (relevant for GS paper III, Topic: Awareness in field of Space, ISRO)

The IRNSS 1-G satellite, launched on 28 April, is the seventh member of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), completing a constellation of satellites in geosynchronous and geostationary orbits that will give Indian civilian and military users, and their partners, access to a dedicated satellite navigation system that will not be dependent on foreign governments or suppliers. It is the 7th satellite in IRNSS series with first one being launched in 2013.

The regional navigation satellite system will provide accurate position information service to users in India and the region, extending up to 1,500 km from its boundary, which is its Primary Service Area. Beyond that will lie an Extended Service Area, that will extend up to the edges of the area enclosed by the rectangle imagined by latitudes 30 degrees South and 50 degrees North, and longitudes 30 degrees East and 130 degrees East.

The total cost of the IRNSS mission is Rs 1,420 crore.

Mission Basics

The Satellite 

IRNSS-1G, seventh of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). Like its six predecessors, had a lift-off mass of 1,425 kg. All 7 satellites are configured identically. 

The Vehicle 

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its 35th (and 34th consecutively successful) flight. All IRNSS launches used the most powerful ‘XL’ version of PSLV, equipped with 6 strap-ons, each with 12 tonnes of propellant. 

The Orbits 

3 of the 7 satellites will be located in suitable orbital slots in geostationary orbit; remaining four will be in geosynchronous orbits with the required inclination and equatorial crossings in two different planes. IRNSS-1G was placed in a Sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (Sub-GTO) about 20 minutes after lift-off.

The Service 

IRNSS will provide Standard Positioning Service (SPS) to all users, and an encrypted Restricted Service (RS) to authorised users. IRNSS will provide a position accuracy better than 20 metres in the primary service area. 

The Applications 

Terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation; disaster management; vehicle tracking and fleet management; integration with mobile phones; precise timing; mapping and geodetic data capture; terrestrial navigation aid for hikers and travelers; visual and voice navigation for drivers.



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