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India lost 97 wild tigers in 2016: conservation authority (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains paper III)

Statistics provided by the official database of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) show that the death toll of wild tigers in the country touched 97 in 2016, the highest among the annual death figures of the big cat during the past five years. In 2015, the figure of wild tiger deaths was 70, in 2014 it was 66, in 2013 it was 63 and in 2012 it was 72. Thirty wild tiger deaths were reported from Madhya Pradesh alone in 2016.

Reasons for deaths
1.    Natural causes,
2.    poisoning, 
3.    infighting between tigers, 
4.    drowning, 
5.    electrocution, 
6.    poaching
7.    Elimination  by authorities following conflict with man. 

What is NTCA?
The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 has come into force in 2006. The Act provides for creating the National Tiger Conservation Authority .

The functions and powers of the Authority, inter alia include : 
1.    approval of Tiger Conservation Plan prepared by States,
2.     laying down standards for tiger conservation, 
3.    providing information on several aspects which include protection, tiger estimation, patrolling, etc., 
4.    ensuring measures for addressing man-wild animal conflicts and fostering co-existence with local people, 
5.    preparing annual report for laying before Parliament, constitution of Steering Committee by States, 
6.    preparation of tiger protection and conservation plans by States, 
7.    ensuring agricultural, livelihood interests of people living in and around Tiger Reserves, 
8.    establishing the tiger conservation foundation by States for supporting their development.

The Notification of the National Tiger Conservation Authority has been issued on 4 September 2006 with the Minister for Environment and Forests as its Chairperson and the Minister of State for Environment and Forests as the Vice-chairperson.



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