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Interpol issues Red Notice against Nirav Modi, brother, employee (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper II; IOBR)

Red Notice against Nirav Modi

The Interpol issued a Red Notice against diamond merchant Nirav Modi, his brother Neeshal Modi, and their employee Shubash Parab on the request of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and the CBI, which have invoked criminal and money laundering charges against them.

What is the purpose of issuing of Red Notice

The Red Notice not only restricts a fugitive’s movement in 192 member-countries of the Interpol, but also empowers enforcement agencies in the respective foreign jurisdictions to detain the person for deportation or extradition to the requesting country.

What was the need to issue Notice against him?

The ED has launched a probe against Modi, his uncle Mehul Choksi, and others on the basis of FIRs registered by the CBI to pursue those involved in the Rs. 13,578-crore Punjab National Bank fraud.

Both the agencies have filed initial charge sheets against Modi and had requested the Interpol to issue Red Notice seeking his location and detention. The current location of Modi, who flew out of the country along with his family in the first week of January, is not clear. After the CBI registered the cases against him, Modi has visited the U.K. at least thrice

In a bid to track him down, the CBI has also written several times to the U.K., the United States, United Arab Emirates, Beligum and Singapore. In response to a diffusion notice, the CBI said, the Interpol’s Manchester office had informed it about his movements till March 31.

INTERPOL

Interpol stands for International Criminal Police Organization. It has the objective to ensure mutual assistance amongst criminal police authorities existing in the different countries.

Thus, it is an inter-governmental organization facilitating cooperation amongst police of various nations. It is the second largest political organization after the United Nations in terms of international representation. It has a representation of 192 countries (as on January, 2018). Its headquarters is located in Lyon, France.

Interpol Notice

An Interpol notice is a communication about crimes, criminals, and possible threats to member states. Interpol issues notices either on its own initiative or on requests from its member states’ or authorized international entities such as the United Nations or International Criminal Court.

There are eight types of notices issued by Interpol. Seven are colour-coded based on their purpose: Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Black, Orange, and Purple. The most popular is the Red Notice which can be understood as international arrest warrant. Eighth type of Notice is a special notice which is issued at the request of the United Nations Security Council.

(Adapted from the Hindu and Background from PrepMate-Cengage IOBR Book, Chapter 2)



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