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Italy earthquake: churches, chapels destroyed as magnitude-6.6 tremor hits medieval town (Relevant for GS Mains Paper I, Topic: Plate Tectonics Theory)

Earthquake in Italy
Italy’s most powerful earthquake in 36 years struck a new blow to the country’s seismically vulnerable heart.
It measured 6.6 on the so-called moment magnitude scale.

Important Building Destroyed
Norcia’s 14th-century Basilica of Saint Benedict, built on the reputed birthplace of the Catholic saint was reduced to rough fragments of stone, brick and concrete.

Reason for Earthquake in Italy
The Earth’s shell is divided into several major tectonic plates. Southern Italy is very close to the line where the Eurasian and African plates meet and constantly grate against each other creating seismic and volcanic tension. Italy’s major volcanoes such as Etna, Stromboli and Vesuvius lie close to this fault.

In addition, Italy has a series of smaller fault lines, particularly along the Appenine Mountains. The Apennine range, or Apennines Mountains, is a mountain range that runs from north to south along the country, “essentially like a geological spine of Italy. Relatively shallow earthquakes are fairly common along the entire length of these mountains due to the number of faults which run along the range, which can rupture and cause earthquakes.

“So different movement goes on around Italy and there are many faults and areas of weakness in the crust.“This results in complex tectonic movement in that region.”
 

 



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