1. The NITI Aayog has proposed the introduction of a judicial performance index to reduce delays.
The creation of a judicial performance index that could help High Courts and their chief justices keep track of the performance and processes at district courts and subordinate levels for reducing delay.
How will the performance index work?
The performance index for courts will entail fixing of non-mandatory time frames for different types of cases to benchmark when a case has been delayed.
The index can also include certain progress on process steps already approved by High Courts and such an annual evaluation should give judges in High Courts ‘a sense of where they are failing and what they need to fix.’
Since the subordinate judiciary is largely within the domain of the High Courts, this could also spur competitive reform of the judiciary in those States.
2. Outsourcing of non-core functions of the police to private agencies or other government departments, in a bid to fix justice system that is in ‘dire need of reform.
Functions such as serving court summons and antecedents and address verification for passport applications or job verifications can be outsourced.
India’s police to population ratio should reach the United Nations norms of 222 per lakh population, over the next seven years, from the current level of 137.
3. The government’s think tank (NITI Aayog) has also advised changes in criminal justice and procedural laws, a repeal of all irrelevant legislation by March 2019 and reforms in land ownership laws — which account for 67% of litigants in civil suits.
4. Aayog has asked the Home Ministry to push for greater hiring of women in the police force, with a target of 30% of all new recruits.
(Adapted from The Indian Express)