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Mexico gives its nod but China still in the way of Indian entry into elite NSG club (analysed from The Indian Express and The Hindu, relevant for Prelims, GS II & III, Topic: International Relations, International Organizations, NSG)

 

Mexican President Pena Nieto, met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Mexico City and assured India its support to NSG. Mexico said that as a country they are going to be positively and constructively supporting India’s request in recognition of the international agenda of disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Supporting nations:

1. The expression of support from Mexico comes after backing of US and Switzerland.

2. Italy, which had earlier blocked India’s entry over issue of the arrest of Marines accused of killing Indian fishermen, has indicated that it will support India’s case.

Non-supporting nations:

1. India’s biggest concern from the 48-nation group comes from China, which has argued that NSG members must be signatories to the non-proliferation treaty (NPT). China wants Pakistan to be given the same consideration as India.

2. India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel are among countries that have not signed the NPT, which India believes is discriminatory.

3. Other countries opposing India’s entry into NSG are New Zealand, Ireland, Turkey, South Africa and Austria.

India expects ‘domino effect’ on support:

Given China’s public opposition to India’s entry into the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), India has been working on garnering support of other countries in the group to isolate China.

India hopes for a domino effect, where countries that support India influence the ones not supporting to change their stance.

NSG negotiations are held behind closed doors and a final decision is expected by consensus at the plenary session in Seoul on June 24 and 25.



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