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Mother Teresa is now a saint (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper III)

Pope Francis  proclaimed Mother Teresa of Kolkata a saint, hailing her as the personification of maternal love and a powerful advocate for the poor.

About sainthood

To attain the title of sainthood, two miracles are required to be identified/recognized.

Following are the the two miracles:-

1. Monica Besra’s fight against stomach tumour

In 1997, Monica Besra a tribal woman in West Bengal was under acute pain due to a tumour that had been diagnosed in her abdomen. After having visited a number of hospitals and doctors, she had not been cured. In May 1998 she was admitted to the home run by the Missionaries of Charity order in the town of Patiram.

On September 5, 1998, as the Missionaries of Charity order was witnessing the first death anniversary of Mother Teresa with prayers in the chapel, Monica Besra felt a beam of light emanating from the photograph of Mother Teresa. That night she slept peacefully after months of painful sleeplessness. When she woke up in the morning, her tumour was gone.

The overnight recovery of Monica Besra was confirmed to be the first miracle performed by Mother Teresa. This case helped expedite the beatification of Mother Teresa, making it one of the fastest in the history of the Catholic Church. Beatification of a candidate is the first step that eventually leads to his or canonisation on the performance of a second miracle. As per canon law, a minimum of five years is supposed to pass between a candidate’s death and the beginning of beatification. However, in case of Mother Teresa the process began just two years post her death.

2. The recovery of Marcilio Haddad Andrino

In December 2008, a Brazilian man, Marcilio Haddad Andrino recovered from multiple abscesses in his brain. When he was diagnosed with the abscesses, he and his wife placed a relic of Mother Teresa near his head and prayed to her regularly.

When in December 2008 he was rushed to the hospital on account of a severe headache he had, Andrino claimed to have experienced a miracle which led to his eventual cure. He reported to have felt a sense
of peace and the headache suddenly disappeared. When the doctors examined him the following day his abscesses were seen as receding and he was declared to be cured.

The recovery of Andrino was recognised by Pope Francis as the second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa which finally made way for her canonisation.
 

About Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa MC, known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, born on 26 August 1910 was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. After having lived in Macedonia for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

In 1950, Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries. They run homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children's and family counselling programmes; orphanages; and schools.

Mother Teresa was the recipient of numerous honours, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.



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