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Regime change in Brazil (analysed from The Indian Express, relevant for GS paper II, Topic: International relations and events)

Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff,  was suspended from office through a Senate impeachment vote. The impeachment, approved with a 55-22 majority brings to an end 13 years of rule by the Workers Party.

Reason for impeachment:

Rousseff has been accused of improperly using money from state banks to cover budget shortfalls, but protestors calling for her removal have also focused their anger on the Petrobras scheme, in which construction firms diverted billions from the state oil company to politicians in Rousseff’s coalition and allegedly to her presidential campaigns as well.

Implications:

1.    It puts Ms. Rousseff’s political future in limbo as she now has to face the impeachment trial, which could last up to six months and will determine if she may or may not regain the presidency. 

2.    Vice-President Michel Temer, who will now take over as acting President.

The views are divided in Brazil over the Presidents suspension.

Those who support the impeachment say:

1.    It is a fight against corruption .

2.    Ms. Rousseff’s economic policy is considered a disaster by them as inflation has soared, currency has weekened and there is slowdown in economy.

Those against suspension say:

1.    The impeachment is likely to deepen Brazil’s political crisis at a time when the country needs a stable administration to cope with the enormous challenges it faces.

2.    It is not a fight against corruption as she has not been implicated in any corruption case, whereas, Vice-President Michel Temer, who will now take over as acting President, has been named in a Petrobras bribery scandal.

The way forward:

The best, and the democratic, way out of this crisis would be to call fresh elections and let the people decide who should be the next President. He or she could start afresh on the basis of a new mandate.



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