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Sri Lanka has not done enough after end of civil war in 2009 to usher in reform and reconciliation (Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper II; IOBR)

Sri Lanka has completed 10 years after civil war against Tamil millitants came to an end.

Political solution ignored
It must be acknowledged that the country has not achieved much tangible progress towards ethnic reconciliation, accountability for war-time excesses and constitutional reform that includes a political solution. The fruits of peace are limited to the revival of economic activity, but the pervasive grievances of the Tamil minority remain.

Some progress has been made in resettlement and rehabilitation, but many complaints are there. Many say their land continues to be held by the military, which also controls huge parts of state-owned land. Preliminary steps were taken towards forging a new Constitution, but the process seems to be at a standstill.

History of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka has people from mainly two ethnicities: Sinhalese and Tamils. During colonial times, Tamils were shifted to work in tea and other plantations located in North and Eastern part of Sri Lanka. Tamils were facing multiple discriminations in Sri Lanka. After independence to Sri Lanka, Sinhalese was recognized as sole official language. Sri Lanka adopted unitary structure resulting in large powers to central government at the cost of powers to provinces. The developmental funds were also used in regions of Sinhalese.

In early 1980’s, ‘Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam’ (LTTE) was formed which was a Tamil militant organization headed by Velupillai Prabhakaran. The organisation wanted to create an independent state of Tamil Eelam in the north and east of Sri Lanka for Tamil people. LTTE began carrying out violent acts against Sri Lankan Army camps as well as civilians to press for its demand of a separate nation. LTTE was crushed by the Sri Lankan government by the end of the first decade of the 21st century. However, still the Tamils have not been given adequate powers to decide for their own welfare and they are subjected to multiple discriminations in Sri Lanka.

(Source:https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/ten-years-on/article27179339.ece)



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