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TRAI recommends Wi-Fi hotspots (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper III)

In a bid to increase internet penetration across the country, especially in rural areas, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) came out with a slew of recommendations, including setting up public Wi-Fi hotspots., 

Advantage of Wi-Fi network over mobile network
Trai said that the cost of providing internet can be as economical as 2 paise per MB through a Wi-Fi network compared to around 23 paise per MB using mobile network. 
Suggestions given by TRAI 

1.    For setting up hotspots, new framework should be put in place for setting up of Public Data Offices (PDOs). Under this framework, PDOs in agreement with Public Data Office Aggregators (PDOAs), should be allowed to provide public Wi-Fi services. This will not only increase the number of public hotspots but also make Internet service more affordable in the country.

2.    These PDOAs should be allowed to provide public Wi-Fi services without obtaining any licence, but should be subject to DoT prescribed registration requirements, including ensuring that e-KYC, authentication and recordkeeping (of customers, devices and PDOAs enlisted with the PDOs). This will encourage village-level entrepreneurship and provide strong employment opportunities.

3.    Trai said the Department of Telecommunications can amend the terms of the Internet Service Provider (ISP) licence to allow for sharing of active infrastructure, in line with the Unified Licence (UL) as well as also clarify on all licence categories, that sharing of infrastructure related to Wi-Fi router, access point, backhaul, etc is allowed. 

4.    The regulator also advised that the authentication through OTP (over the top) for accessing internet every time should be done away with. It suggested that authentication can be done using eKYC, e-Electronic Customer Application Form (eCAF) and other electronic modes. Besides, after consultation with the security agencies, DoT can consider authentication via Media Access Control ID of the device or through a mobile APP that stores eKYC data of the subscriber. 
 



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