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Uniform norms for brain death certification soon, says NOTTO (Relevant for GS Prelims and Mains Paper II)

The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation has begun the process of framing uniform guidelines on brain death certification to be followed by doctors across the country. The brain dead persons are dead only by brain but their other body organs are functioning well and thus, they can donate their other organs.

About The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation ( NOTTO)
National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) is a National level organization set up under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. It has following two divisions:

o          "National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network”

o          "National Biomaterial Centre”.

"National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network”
This has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011. The network will be established initially for Delhi and gradually expanded to include other States and Regions of the country. Thus, this division of the NOTTO is the nodal networking agency for Delhi and shall network for Procurement Allocation and Distribution of Organs and Tissues in Delhi.

Function/Activities
National Network division of NOTTO would function as apex centre for All India activities of coordination and networking for procurement and distribution of Organs and Tissues and registry of Organs and Tissues Donation and Transplantation in the country.

National Biomaterial Centre (National Tissue Bank)
The Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011 has included the component of tissue donation and registration of tissue Banks. It becomes imperative under the changed circumstances to establish National level Tissue Bank to fulfill the demands of tissue transplantation including activities for procurement, storage and fulfil distribution of biomaterials.

The main thrust & objective of establishing the centre is to fill up the gap between ‘Demand’ and ‘Supply’ as well as ‘Quality Assurance’ in the availability of various tissues.

States that are performing good in organ donations
Some States, especially Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka in the south and Chandigarh and Maharashtra are doing well on the organ donation front. This was because they had a common protocol in private and government hospitals.



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