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Union Cabinet clears new initiative to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers (Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper III; Science & Technology)

Union Cabinet Meeting cleared a novel initiative that will benefit crores of farmers and improve the health of animals.

This initiative pertains to controlling Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers. The Cabinet had cleared a total outlay of Rs. 13,343 crores to fully control these diseases amongst the livestock in the country in the next five years and subsequently eradicate these diseases.

The threat of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis:
These diseases are very common amongst the livestock – cow-bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs etc.

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects bovine animals. The virus causes a high fever for between two and six days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has very severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals comparatively easily through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, feed, and by domestic and wild predators.  Its containment demands considerable efforts in vaccination, strict monitoring, trade restrictions, quarantines, and occasionally the culling of animals.

 If a cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.

Brucellosis
Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people — most often via unpasteurized milk, cheese and other dairy products. More rarely, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals.

Brucellosis symptoms may include fever, joint pain and fatigue. The infection can usually be treated successfully with antibiotics. Treatment takes several weeks to months, however, and relapses are common.

 Further, in case of Brucellosis the milk output reduces by 30%, during the entire life cycle of animal. Brucellosis also causes infertility amongst the animals. The infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products.

(Source:http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1573020&RegID=3&LID=1)



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