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Vulnerable tribes (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper I, II)

A recent Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) publication has brought startling revelations about the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in the country including the fact that no base line surveys have been conducted among more than half of such groups.

Name of the publication
The Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups of India — Privileges and Predicaments

Why are Base line surveys done?
Base line surveys are done to precisely identify the PVTG families, their habitat and socio-economic status, so that development initiatives are implemented for these communities, based on the facts and figures.

The publication emphasizes State governments must urgently conduct such surveys to arrive at accurate demographic and socio-economic figures of the PVTGs.

1. The publication points out that the PVTG list requires revising and refinement to avoid overlapping and repetition. For instance, the list contains synonyms of the same group such as the Mankidia and the Birhor in Odisa, both of which refer to the same group.

2. Some of the PVTGs are distributed in more than one State. The Birhor are recognised as a PVTG in four States, while 10 other group are PVTG in two States, namely the Sahariya, Kurumba, Koraga, Korwa, JenuKuruba, Kattunayakan, Katkari/Kathodi, Kharia, Kolam, and Lodha.

Thus, the number of the PVTGs at the national level would be 63, the book states.

What is PVTG?
Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) (earlier: Primitive tribal group) is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain tribal communities with particularly low development indices.



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