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Workshop on disaster database concludes, NDMA paves way for creation of national-level disaster database (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper III; Internal Security and Disaster Management)

Disaster Risk Reduction Database
The two-day national workshop on Data Requirements for Disaster Risk Reduction Database successfully concluded, setting the stage for creation of a national-level disaster database.

Developing this integrated database with locally obtained and validated data is crucial for tracking our risks and progress towards resilience without which India will not be able to meet its developmental goals. It will also play a vital role in implementing the Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda to address disaster risks, outlined during the Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR (AMCDRR) in November, 2016.

About workshop
The workshop was organised by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).

Group presentations and discussions were held on hazards to be included in the database, data collection templates and IT platform for data entry, validation, management and analysis.

Discussions at this workshop will lead to the formation of a Steering Group to oversee the setting up of the database, and guiding trainings and capacity building for operating, maintaining, updating and using the database. The Group will also identify pilot States and draw a roadmap for implementation of the project.

Officials from NDMA and representatives of concerned Central Ministries and Departments, State Governments, UN agencies, Administrative Training Institutes (ATIs), Disaster Management Institutes and Universities participated in the workshop.

Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR (AMCDRR) in November, 2016
Asian ministerial conference for disaster risk reduction (AMCDRR) is a conference held first time at New Delhi, in November 2016, after the introduction of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The conference was organized seventh time in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). The motive of such conference was to mitigate the disaster risks. Unlike past, today Asian countries have created institutions for disaster risk management. After the Indian Ocean tsunami came in 2004, India was among the five countries that were very badly impacted and took prime initiative to endorse for creating new laws for disaster risk management.

The other six Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in past are as follows:

  • China in 2005
  • India in 2007
  • Malaysia in 2008
  • Republic of Korea in 2010
  • Indonesia in 2012

The Sixth meeting was held in Thailand in 2014.

10 point agenda
A ten point agenda was set.

First, development projects will be built to appropriate standards. The new infrastructure should be planned under standards of disaster safety and technologies of disaster resilient.

Second, insurance coverage to all should be there, whether poor or rich. The Suraksha Bima Yojana acts as a tool to give risk insurance to millions.

Third, to ensure greater involvement and leadership of women in disaster risk management.

Fourth, is to identify Seismic zones based on high and low risk and map the risks globally.

Fifth, to map and exchange expertise, technology and resources in a collaborative way that would go a long way in maximizing the collective impact.

Sixth, to make universities for disaster issues in coastal region and the hill cities.

Seventh to utilize the social media in transforming the disaster response.

Eight, to enhance local capacity based on using the best traditional practices.

Ninth is learning from every disaster. Research should be done, and papers should be released so that more preparedness can be kept when same kind of tragedy happens again.

Tenth, bring about greater cooperation among international response to disasters.

(Adapted from PIB)

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