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World’s hungry population on the rise again, says U.N. report (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper II; IOBR)

 

What does the report concludes?
According to the United Nations’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report, the number of hungry people in the world has risen for the first time in more than a decade, according to a United Nations report.

There are now approximately 38 million more undernourished people in the world, rising from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016, the year for which the latest statistics are available.

What are the causes?

Conflict, drought and disasters linked to climate change are among the key factors causing this reversal in progress,” said the report. Violent conflicts also led to the forced displacement of a record high 68.5 million in 2017. According to the United Nations’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report, conflict is now one of the main drivers of food insecurity in 18 countries.

Economic losses on account of climate change

Noting the increasing impact of extreme events related to a changing climate, the report said economic losses attributed to disasters were estimated at over $300 billion in 2017.

This is among the highest losses in recent years, owing to three major hurricanes affecting the United States of America and several countries across the Caribbean.

(Adapted from The Hindu)



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