Global Peace Index (GPI) measures peacefulness and assigns ranks to 163 independent states and territories. GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population. GPI also provides trends of violence and peace.
The index is released on annual basis by Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). The IEP is world’s leading think tank that develops metrics to analyse peace and quantify its economic value.
The GPI report is developed by IEP in consultation with an international panel of peace experts from numerous peace institutes and think tanks. The report is based on previous year data. For instance, 2018 report was based on 2017 data and 2017 report was based on 2016 data.
About 2018 GPI report
India’s GPI rank in 2018 report, based on 2017 data, was 136 out of 163 countries. In 2017 report, India’s GPI rank was 137.
India’s neighbours: Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan were ranked 84, 67 and 151respectively.
Bangladesh and Bhutan were ranked 93 and 19 respectively.
According to the report, South Asia as a region experienced the largest regional improvement in peacefulness. Overall, the report noted that global peace has deteriorated by 0.27% last year, marking the fourth successive year of deteriorations due to violence in West Asia and North Africa.