The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World is an annual report jointly prepared by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
The report shares information on progress towards ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition. The report also shares the information on above parameters in the context of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The report is used by policy-makers, international organizations, academic institutions and the general public.
What are the findings of the 2018 report?
According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018, there is increase in number of hungry people in the world, reaching 821 million in 2017 or one in every nine people.
The report explains the most recent trends in hunger and malnutrition. It also explains the role of climate change towards hunger and malnutrition. The report suggests that severe food insecurity has been rising in Africa and in South America.
What are the findings at India level?
A third of the world’s stunted (who have low height for age) children under five, estimated to be 46.6 million, live in India. District-level data highlights that high and very high levels of stunting are prevalent mainly in central and northern India (more than 30% and 40%, respectively). On the other hand, less than 20% children are stunted in south India.